Delle Site, Luigi and Hartmann, Carsten
(2024)
*Computationally feasible bounds for the free energy of nonequilibrium steady states, applied to simple models of heat conduction.*
Molecular Physics
.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/00268976.2024.2391484

## Abstract

In this paper, we study computationally feasible bounds for relative free energies between two many-particle systems. Specifically, we consider systems out of equilibrium that admit a nonequilibrium steady state that is reached asymptotically in the long-time limit. The bounds that we suggest are based on the well-known Bogoliubov inequality and variants of Gibbs' and Donsker–Varadhan variational principles. As a general paradigm, we consider systems of oscillators coupled to heat baths at different temperatures. For such systems, we define the free energy of the system relative to any given reference system in terms of the Kullback–Leibler divergence between steady states. By employing a two-sided Bogoliubov inequality and a mean-variance approximation of the free energy (or cumulant generating function), we can efficiently estimate the free energy cost needed in passing from the reference system to the system out of equilibrium (characterised by a temperature gradient). A specific test case to validate our bounds are harmonic oscillator chains with ends that are coupled to Langevin thermostats at different temperatures; such a system is simple enough to allow for analytic calculations and general enough to be used as a prototype to estimate, e.g. heat fluxes or interface effects in a larger class of nonequilibrium particle systems.

Item Type: | Article |
---|---|

Subjects: | Mathematical and Computer Sciences Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Mathematics Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Mathematics > Applied Mathematics |

Divisions: | Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Mathematics |

ID Code: | 3169 |

Deposited By: | Lukas-Maximilian Jaeger |

Deposited On: | 04 Sep 2024 10:47 |

Last Modified: | 04 Sep 2024 10:47 |

Repository Staff Only: item control page