Repository: Freie Universit├Ąt Berlin, Math Department

Generalized Langevin equation with a nonlinear potential of mean force and nonlinear memory friction from a hybrid projection scheme

Ayaz, Cihan and Scalfi, Laura and Dalton, Benjamin and Netz, Roland R. (2022) Generalized Langevin equation with a nonlinear potential of mean force and nonlinear memory friction from a hybrid projection scheme. PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 105 . pp. 1-19.

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We introduce a hybrid projection scheme that combines linear Mori projection and conditional Zwanzig projection techniques and use it to derive a generalized Langevin equation (GLE) for a general interacting many-body system. The resulting GLE includes (i) explicitly the potential of mean force (PMF) that describes the equilibrium distribution of the system in the chosen space of reaction coordinates, (ii) a random force term that explicitly depends on the initial state of the system, and (iii) a memory friction contribution that splits into two parts: a part that is linear in the past reaction-coordinate velocity and a part that is in general nonlinear in the past reaction coordinates but does not depend on velocities. Our hybrid scheme thus combines all desirable properties of the Zwanzig and Mori projection schemes. The nonlinear memory friction contribution is shown to be related to correlations between the reaction-coordinate velocity and the random force.We present a numerical method to compute all parameters of our GLE, in particular the nonlinear memory friction function and the random force distribution, from a trajectory in reaction coordinate space. We apply our method on the dihedral-angle dynamics of a butane molecule in water obtained from atomistic molecular dynamics simulations. For this example, we demonstrate that nonlinear memory friction is present and that the random force exhibits significant non-Gaussian corrections. We also present the derivation of the GLE for multidimensional reaction coordinates that are general functions of all positions in the phase-space of the underlying many-body system; this corresponds to a systematic coarse-graining procedure that preserves not only the correct equilibrium behavior but also the correct dynamics of the coarse-grained system.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Mathematics
Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Mathematics > Applied Mathematics
Divisions:Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Computer Science
ID Code:2973
Deposited By: Monika Drueck
Deposited On:03 May 2023 07:52
Last Modified:03 May 2023 07:52

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