Repository: Freie Universität Berlin, Math Department

Detecting the birth and death of finite-time coherent sets

Froyland, Gary and Koltai, Péter (2021) Detecting the birth and death of finite-time coherent sets. arXiv . pp. 1-44. (Submitted)

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Abstract: Finite-time coherent sets (FTCSs) are distinguished regions of phase space that resist mixing with the surrounding space for some finite period of time; physical manifestations include eddies and vortices in the ocean and atmosphere, respec- tively. The boundaries of finite-time coherent sets are examples of Lagrangian coherent structures (LCSs). The selection of the time duration over which FTCS and LCS computations are made in practice is crucial to their success. If this time is longer than the lifetime of coherence of individual objects then existing methods will fail to detect the shorter-lived coherence. It is of clear practical interest to de- termine the full lifetime of coherent objects, but in complicated practical situations, for example a field of ocean eddies with varying lifetimes, this is impossible with ex- isting approaches. Moreover, determining the timing of emergence and destruction of coherent sets is of significant scientific interest. In this work we introduce new constructions to address these issues. The key components are an inflated dynamic Laplace operator and the concept of semi-material FTCSs. We make strong math- ematical connections between the inflated dynamic Laplacian and the standard dynamic Laplacian [Fro15], showing that the latter arises as a limit of the former. The spectrum and eigenfunctions of the inflated dynamic Laplacian directly provide information on the number, lifetimes, and evolution of coherent sets.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Mathematics > Applied Mathematics
Divisions:Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Mathematics > BioComputing Group
ID Code:2589
Deposited By: Monika Drueck
Deposited On:27 Aug 2021 13:12
Last Modified:25 Oct 2021 20:34

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