Schillings, Claudia and Schwab, Christoph
(2013)
*Sparse, adaptive Smolyak quadratures for Bayesian inverse problems.*
Inverse Problems, 29
(6).

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## Abstract

Based on the parametric deterministic formulation of Bayesian inverse problems with unknown input parameter from infinite-dimensional, separable Banach spaces proposed in Schwab and Stuart (2012 Inverse Problems 28 045003), we develop a practical computational algorithm whose convergence rates are provably higher than those of Monte Carlo (MC) and Markov chain Monte Carlo methods, in terms of the number of solutions of the forward problem. In the formulation of Schwab and Stuart, the forward problems are parametric, deterministic elliptic partial differential equations, and the inverse problem is to determine the unknown diffusion coefficients from noisy observations comprising linear functionals of the system's response. The sparsity of the generalized polynomial chaos representation of the posterior density being implied by sparsity assumptions on the class of the prior (Schwab and Stuart 2012), we design, analyze and implement a class of adaptive, deterministic sparse tensor Smolyak quadrature schemes for the efficient approximate numerical evaluation of expectations under the posterior, given data. The proposed, deterministic quadrature algorithm is based on a greedy, iterative identification of finite sets of most significant, 'active' chaos polynomials in the posterior density analogous to recently proposed algorithms for adaptive interpolation (Chkifa et al 2012 Report 2012-NN, 2013 Math. Modelling Numer. Anal. 47 253–80). Convergence rates for the quadrature approximation are shown, both theoretically and computationally, to depend only on the sparsity class of the unknown, but are bounded independently of the number of random variables activated by the adaptive algorithm. Numerical results for a model problem of coefficient identification with point measurements in a diffusion problem confirm the theoretical results.

Item Type: | Article |
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Subjects: | Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Mathematics > Applied Mathematics |

Divisions: | Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Mathematics > Deterministic and Stochastic PDEs Group |

ID Code: | 3008 |

Deposited By: | Ulrike Eickers |

Deposited On: | 12 Jun 2023 15:01 |

Last Modified: | 12 Jun 2023 15:01 |

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