Repository: Freie Universit├Ąt Berlin, Math Department

Waves in the gas centrifuge: Asymptotic theory and similarities with the atmosphere

Rodal, M. and Schlutow, M. (2021) Waves in the gas centrifuge: Asymptotic theory and similarities with the atmosphere. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 928 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2021.811

Abstract

We study the stratified gas in a rapidly rotating centrifuge as a model for the Earth's atmosphere. Based on methods of perturbation theory, it is shown that in certain regimes, internal waves in the gas centrifuge have the same dispersion relation to leading order as their atmospheric siblings. Assuming an air filled centrifuge with a radius of around 50 cm, the optimal rotational frequency for realistic atmosphere-like waves is around 10 000 revolutions per minute. Using gases of lower heat capacities at constant pressure, such as xenon, the rotational frequencies can be even halved to obtain the same results. Similar to the atmosphere, it is feasible in the gas centrifuge to generate a clear scale separation of wave frequencies and therefore phase speeds between acoustic waves and internal waves. In addition to the centrifugal force, the Coriolis force acts in the same plane. However, its influence on axially homogeneous internal waves appears only as a higher-order correction. We conclude that the gas centrifuge provides an unprecedented opportunity to investigate atmospheric internal waves experimentally with a compressible working fluid.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Mathematics > Applied Mathematics
Divisions:Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Mathematics > Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Group
ID Code:2620
Deposited By: Ulrike Eickers
Deposited On:07 Oct 2021 10:06
Last Modified:07 Oct 2021 10:06

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