Repository: Freie Universität Berlin, Math Department

Widening of Hydrous Shear Zones During Incipient Eclogitization of Metastable Dry and Rigid Lower Crust— Holsnøy, Western Norway

Kaatz, Lisa and Zertani, Sascha and Moulas, Evangelos and John, Timm and Labrousse, Loïc and Schmalholz, Stefan M. and Andersen, Torgeir B. (2021) Widening of Hydrous Shear Zones During Incipient Eclogitization of Metastable Dry and Rigid Lower Crust— Holsnøy, Western Norway. Tectonics, 40 (3). pp. 1-19. ISSN 1944-9194

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The partially eclogitized crustal rocks on Holsnøy in the Bergen Arcs, Norway, indicate that eclogitization is caused by the interplay of brittle and ductile deformation promoted by fluid infiltration and fluid-rock interaction. Eclogitization generated an interconnected network of millimeterto- kilometer-wide hydrous eclogite-facies shear zones, which presumably caused transient weakening of the mechanically strong lower crust. To decipher the development of those networks, we combine detailed lithological and structural mapping of two key outcrops with numerical modeling. Both outcrops are largely composed of preserved granulite with minor eclogite-facies shear zones, thus representing the beginning phases of eclogitization and ductile deformation. We suggest that deformation promoted fluidrock interaction and eclogitization, which gradually consumed the granulite until fluid-induced reactions were no longer significant. The shear zones widen during progressive deformation. To identify the key parameters that impact shear zone widening, we generated scale-independent numerical models, which focus on different processes affecting the shear zone evolution: (i) rotation of the shear zones caused by finite deformation, (ii) mechanical weakening due to a limited amount of available fluid, and (iii) weakening and further hydration of the shear zones as a result of continuous and unlimited fluid supply. A continuous diffusion-type fluid infiltration, with an effective diffusion coefficient around   2 10 16 m s D , coupled with deformation is prone to develop structures similar to the ones mapped in field. Our results suggest that the shear zones formed under a continuous fluid supply, causing shear zone widening, rather than localization, during progressive deformation.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Mathematics > Applied Mathematics
Divisions:Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Mathematics
ID Code:2609
Deposited By: Monika Drueck
Deposited On:23 Sep 2021 13:10
Last Modified:23 Sep 2021 13:10

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