Repository: Freie Universität Berlin, Math Department

Instantaneous rock transformations in the deep crust driven by reactive fluid flow

Beinlich, A. and John, T. and Vrijmoed, J.C. and Tominaga, M. and Podladchikov, Y.Y. (2020) Instantaneous rock transformations in the deep crust driven by reactive fluid flow. nature geoscience, 13 . pp. 307-311.

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Fluid–rock interactions are a fundamental component of geodynamic processes. They link mass and energy transfer with largescale tectonic deformation and drive mineral deposit formation, carbon sequestration and rheological changes of the lithosphere. Spatial evidence indicates that fluid–rock interactions operate on length scales that range from the grain boundary to tectonic plates, but the timescales of regional fluid–rock interactions remain essentially unconstrained. Here we present observations from an exceptionally well-exposed fossil hydrothermal system from an ophiolite sequence in northern Norway that we use to inform a multielement advection–diffusion–reaction transport model. We calculated the velocity of the fluid-driven reaction fronts and found that they can propagate at up to 10 cm per year, equivalent to the fastest tectonic plate motion and mid-ocean-ridge spreading rates. Propagation through the low-permeability rocks of the mid-crust is facilitated by a transient, reaction-induced permeability increase. We conclude that large-scale fluid-mediated rock transformations in continental collision and subduction zones occur on timescales of tens of years when reactive fluids are present. We infer that natural carbon sequestration, ore deposit formation and transient and long-term petrophysical changes of the crust proceed instantaneously, from a geological perspective.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Mathematics > Applied Mathematics
Divisions:Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Mathematics
ID Code:2606
Deposited By: Monika Drueck
Deposited On:23 Sep 2021 12:14
Last Modified:23 Sep 2021 12:14

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