Repository: Freie Universit├Ąt Berlin, Math Department

Sparse dictionary learning allows model-free pseudotime estimation of transcriptomics data

Rams, Mona and Conrad, T. O. F. (2022) Sparse dictionary learning allows model-free pseudotime estimation of transcriptomics data. BMC Genomics, 23 (56). ISSN 1471-2105

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-021-08276-9

Abstract

Background Pseudotime estimation from dynamic single-cell transcriptomic data enables characterisation and understanding of the underlying processes, for example developmental processes. Various pseudotime estimation methods have been proposed during the last years. Typically, these methods start with a dimension reduction step because the low-dimensional representation is usually easier to analyse. Approaches such as PCA, ICA or t-SNE belong to the most widely used methods for dimension reduction in pseudotime estimation methods. However, these methods usually make assumptions on the derived dimensions, which can result in important dataset properties being missed. In this paper, we suggest a new dictionary learning based approach, dynDLT, for dimension reduction and pseudotime estimation of dynamic transcriptomic data. Dictionary learning is a matrix factorisation approach that does not restrict the dependence of the derived dimensions. To evaluate the performance, we conduct a large simulation study and analyse 8 real-world datasets. Results The simulation studies reveal that firstly, dynDLT preserves the simulated patterns in low-dimension and the pseudotimes can be derived from the low-dimensional representation. Secondly, the results show that dynDLT is suitable for the detection of genes exhibiting the simulated dynamic patterns, thereby facilitating the interpretation of the compressed representation and thus the dynamic processes. For the real-world data analysis, we select datasets with samples that are taken at different time points throughout an experiment. The pseudotimes found by dynDLT have high correlations with the experimental times. We compare the results to other approaches used in pseudotime estimation, or those that are method-wise closely connected to dictionary learning: ICA, NMF, PCA, t-SNE, and UMAP. DynDLT has the best overall performance for the simulated and real-world datasets. Conclusions We introduce dynDLT, a method that is suitable for pseudotime estimation. Its main advantages are: (1) It presents a model-free approach, meaning that it does not restrict the dependence of the derived dimensions; (2) Genes that are relevant in the detected dynamic processes can be identified from the dictionary matrix; (3) By a restriction of the dictionary entries to positive values, the dictionary atoms are highly interpretable.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Mathematics > Applied Mathematics
Divisions:Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Mathematics
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Mathematics > Comp. Proteomics Group
ID Code:2450
Deposited By: Admin Administrator
Deposited On:18 Aug 2020 12:13
Last Modified:01 Feb 2022 16:03

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