Wilhelm, J. and Akylas, T.R. and Bölöni, G. and Wei, J. and Ribstein, B. and Klein, R. and Achatz, U.
(2018)
*The Interaction between Meso- and Sub-mesoscale Gravity Waves.*
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 75
(7).
pp. 2257-2280.
ISSN 0022-4928

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-17-0289.1

## Abstract

As present weather forecast codes and increasingly many atmospheric climate models resolve at least part of the mesoscale flow, and hence also internal gravity waves (GWs), it is natural to ask whether even in such configurations subgrid-scale GWs might impact the resolved flow and how their effect could be taken into account. This motivates a theoretical and numerical investigation of the interactions between unresolved submesoscale and resolved mesoscale GWs, using Boussinesq dynamics for simplicity. By scaling arguments, first a subset of submesoscale GWs that can indeed influence the dynamics of mesoscale GWs is identified. Therein, hydrostatic GWs with wavelengths corresponding to the largest unresolved scales of present-day limited-area weather forecast models are an interesting example. A large-amplitude WKB theory, allowing for a mesoscale unbalanced flow, is then formulated, based on multiscale asymptotic analysis utilizing a proper scale-separation parameter. Purely vertical propagation of submesoscale GWs is found to be most important, implying inter alia that the resolved flow is only affected by the vertical flux convergence of submesoscale horizontal momentum at leading order. In turn, submesoscale GWs are refracted by mesoscale vertical wind shear while conserving their wave-action density. An efficient numerical implementation of the theory uses a phase-space ray tracer, thus handling the frequent appearance of caustics. The WKB approach and its numerical implementation are validated successfully against submesoscale-resolving simulations of the resonant radiation of mesoscale inertia GWs by a horizontally as well as vertically confined submesoscale GW packet.

Item Type: | Article |
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Subjects: | Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Mathematics > Applied Mathematics |

Divisions: | Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Mathematics > Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Group |

ID Code: | 2310 |

Deposited By: | Ulrike Eickers |

Deposited On: | 15 Mar 2019 15:34 |

Last Modified: | 15 Mar 2019 15:34 |

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