Repository: Freie Universit├Ąt Berlin, Math Department

On memory, dimension, and atmospheric teleconnection patterns

O'Kane, T.J. and Monselesan, D.P. and Risbey, J.S. and Horenko, I. and Franzke, Ch.L.E. (2017) On memory, dimension, and atmospheric teleconnection patterns. Math. Clim. Weather Forecast, 3 (1). pp. 1-27.

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Using reanalysed atmospheric data and applying a data-driven multiscale approximation to non- stationary dynamical processes, we undertake a systematic examination of the role of memory and dimen- sionality in de ning the quasi-stationary states of the troposphere over the recent decades. We focus on the role of teleconnections characterised by either zonally-oriented wave trains or meridional dipolar structures. We consider the impact of various strategies for dimension reduction based on principal component analysis, diagonalization and truncation. We include the impact of memory by consideration of Bernoulli, Markovian and non-Markovian processes. We a priori explicitly separate barotropic and baroclinic processes and then implement a comprehensive sensitivity analysis to the number and type of retained modes. Our results show the importance of explicitly mitigating the deleterious impacts of signal degradation through ill-conditioning and under sampling in preference to simple strategies based on thresholds in terms of explained variance. In both hemispheres, the results obtained for the dominant tropospheric modes depend critically on the extent to which the higher order modes are retained, the number of free model parameters to be tted, and whether memory e ects are taken into account. Our study identi es the primary role of the circumglobal teleconnec- tion pattern in both hemispheres for Bernoulli and Markov processes, and the transient nature and zonal structure of the Southern Hemisphere patterns in relation to their Northern Hemisphere counterparts. For both hemispheres, over tted models yield structures consistent with the major teleconnection modes (NAO, PNA and SAM), which give way to zonally oriented wavetrains when either memory e ects are ignored or where the dimension is reduced via diagonalising. Where baroclinic processes are emphasised, circumpolar wavetrains are manifest.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Mathematics > Applied Mathematics
ID Code:2087
Deposited By: Silvia Hoemke
Deposited On:03 Jul 2017 13:04
Last Modified:21 Nov 2017 16:59

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