Repository: Freie Universität Berlin, Math Department

Anisotropic validation of hexahedral meshes for composite materials in biomechanics

Müller-Hannemann, M. and Kober, C. and Sader, R. and Zeilhofer, H.-F. (2001) Anisotropic validation of hexahedral meshes for composite materials in biomechanics. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Meshing Roundtable. International Meshing Roundtable, Newport Beach, CA, pp. 249-260.



We use a concrete simulation scenario to study the effect of hexahedral mesh size and mesh quality on the accuracy of the solution of a finite element analysis (FEA). Our test cases stem from biomedical research. We investigate a composite two-material model of a piece of bone from the human mandible on which we simulate a bite. In particular, we are interested whether material properties (soft vs. hard and isotropic vs. anisotropic) have a significant impact on the accuracy which can be achieved for the different kind of meshes We constructed hexahedral meshes of varying size, with an increasing number of elements in the neighborhood of the external force of our load case. For the hexahedral mesh generation, we used the iterative cycle elimination method of the first author together with squared condition number based optimized smoothing. In this paper, we focus on the deformation as the post- processing variable. In our experiments, it seems that the solution of the FEA converges relatively fast with an in- creasing number of elements. Our methodology to investigate the influence of the mesh quality on several post-processing variables is a systematic variation of the mesh quality by means of a con- trolled perturbation of an optimized mesh with a fixed mesh topology. The influence of mesh quality on the analysis results turns out to be relatively small. Even the mesh of poorest quality is within a range of not more than four percent from the results of our best quality mesh. Concerning the analysis of a possible interdependence between numerical behavior and material law, we observed that the fully anisotropic (and so the most realistic) case shows also the best numerical behavior.

Item Type:Book Section
Subjects:Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Mathematics > Numerical Analysis
Divisions:Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Mathematics
ID Code:1844
Deposited By: Ekaterina Engel
Deposited On:16 Apr 2016 19:25
Last Modified:03 Mar 2017 14:42

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