Vincze, M. and Borchert, S. and Achatz, U. and von Larcher, T. and Baumann, M. and Hertel, C. and Remmler, S. and Beck, T. and Alexandrov, K. and Egbers, C. and Froehlich, J. and Heuveline , V. and Hickel, S. and Harlander, U.
(2014)
*Benchmarking in a rotating annulus: a comparative experimental and numerical study of baroclinic wave dynamics.*
Meteorologische Zeitschrift
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Official URL: http://www.schweizerbart.de/papers/metz/detail/pre...

## Abstract

The differentially heated rotating annulus is a widely studied tabletop-size laboratory model of the general mid-latitude atmospheric circulation. The two most relevant factors of cyclogenesis, namely rotation and meridional temperature gradient are quite well captured in this simple arrangement. The radial temperature difference in the cylindrical tank and its rotation rate can be set so that the isothermal surfaces in the bulk tilt, leading to the formation of baroclinic waves. The signatures of these waves at the free water surface have been analyzed via infrared thermography in a wide range of rotation rates (keeping the radial temperature difference constant) and under different initial conditions. In parallel to the laboratory experiments, five groups of the MetStröm collaboration have conducted numerical simulations in the same parameter regime using different approaches and solvers, and applying different initial conditions and perturbations. The experimentally and numerically obtained baroclinic wave patterns have been evaluated and compared in terms of their dominant wave modes, spatio-temporal variance properties and drift rates. Thus certain "benchmarks" have been created that can later be used as test cases for atmospheric numerical model validation.

Item Type: | Article |
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Subjects: | Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Mathematics > Applied Mathematics |

Divisions: | Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Mathematics > Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Group |

ID Code: | 1393 |

Deposited By: | Ulrike Eickers |

Deposited On: | 17 Mar 2014 16:12 |

Last Modified: | 23 Jan 2015 16:19 |

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