Repository: Freie Universit├Ąt Berlin, Math Department

Wind fields in heterogeneous conifer canopies: parameterisation of momentum absorption using high-resolution 3D vegetation scans

Queck, R. and Bienert, A. and Maas, H.-G and Hermansa, S. and Goldberg, V. and Bernhofer, C. (2011) Wind fields in heterogeneous conifer canopies: parameterisation of momentum absorption using high-resolution 3D vegetation scans. European Journal of Forest Research, 130 . ISSN 1612-4669 (Print) 1612-4677 (Online)

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/r7860250226k70...

Abstract

Applications of flow models to tall plant canopies are limited, amongst other factors, by the lack of detailed information on vegetation structure. A method is presented to record 3D vegetation structure and make this information applicable to the derivation of turbulence parameters suitable for flow models. The relationship between wind speed, drag coefficient (CD) and plant area density (PAD) was experimentally investigated in a mixed conifer forest in the lower part of the Eastern Ore Mountains. Essential information was gathered by collecting multi-level high-frequency wind velocity measurements and a dense 3D representation of the forest was obtained from terrestrial laser scanner data. Wind speed dependence or streamlining was observed for most of the wind directions. Edge effects, i.e. the influence of the here not regarded pressure gradient and the advective terms of the momentum equation, are assumed to cause this heterogeneity. Contrary to the hypothetic shelter effect, which would reduce the drag on sheltered plant parts, the calculated profiles of drag coefficients revealed an increasing CD with PAD (i.e. a dependence on canopy and plant structure).

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Mathematics > Applied Mathematics
ID Code:1082
Deposited By: Ulrike Eickers
Deposited On:25 Aug 2011 08:31
Last Modified:25 Aug 2011 10:27

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