Repository: Freie Universität Berlin, Math Department

Prediction of Covid-19 spreading and optimal coordination of counter-measures: From microscopic to macroscopic models to Pareto fronts

Wulkow, Hanna and Conrad, T. O. F. and Djurdjevac Conrad, Natasa and Mueller, Sebastian Alexander and Nagel, Kai and Schütte, Ch. (2021) Prediction of Covid-19 spreading and optimal coordination of counter-measures: From microscopic to macroscopic models to Pareto fronts. PLoS ONE, 16 (4). ISSN 1932-6203

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The Covid-19 disease has caused a world-wide pandemic with more than 60 million positive cases and more than 1.4 million deaths by the end of November 2020. As long as effective medical treatment and vaccination are not available, non-pharmaceutical interventions such as social distancing, self-isolation and quarantine as well as far-reaching shutdowns of economic activity and public life are the only available strategies to prevent the virus from spreading. These interventions must meet conflicting requirements where some objectives, like the minimization of disease-related deaths or the impact on health systems, demand for stronger counter-measures, while others, such as social and economic costs, call for weaker counter-measures. Therefore, finding the optimal compromise of counter-measures requires the solution of a multi-objective optimization problem that is based on accurate prediction of future infection spreading for all combinations of countermeasures under consideration. We present a strategy for construction and solution of such a multi-objective optimization problem with real-world applicability. The strategy is based on a micro-model allowing for accurate prediction via a realistic combination of person-centric data-driven human mobility and behavior, stochastic infection models and disease progression models including micro-level inclusion of governmental intervention strategies. For this micro-model, a surrogate macro-model is constructed and validated that is much less computationally expensive and can therefore be used in the core of a numerical solver for the multi-objective optimization problem. The resulting set of optimal compromises between countermeasures (Pareto front) is discussed and its meaning for policy decisions is outlined.Competing Interest StatementThe authors have declared no competing interest.Funding StatementThe work on this paper was funded by the German Ministry of research and education (BMBF) (project ID: 01KX2022A) and by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany’s Excellence Strategy via MATH+: The Berlin Mathematics Research Center (EXC-2046/1, project ID: 390685689).Author DeclarationsI confirm all relevant ethical guidelines have been followed, and any necessary IRB and/or ethics committee approvals have been obtained.YesThe details of the IRB/oversight body that provided approval or exemption for the research described are given below:Zuse Institute BerlinAll necessary patient/participant consent has been obtained and the appropriate institutional forms have been archived.YesI understand that all clinical trials and any other prospective interventional studies must be registered with an ICMJE-approved registry, such as I confirm that any such study reported in the manuscript has been registered and the trial registration ID is provided (note: if posting a prospective study registered retrospectively, please provide a statement in the trial ID field explaining why the study was not registered in advance).Yes I have followed all appropriate research reporting guidelines and uploaded the relevant EQUATOR Network research reporting checklist(s) and other pertinent material as supplementary files, if applicable.YesAll data is available through public sources, see refs 1 to 7, and 30.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Mathematics > Mathematical Modelling
Divisions:Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Mathematics
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Mathematics > BioComputing Group
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Mathematics > Comp. Proteomics Group
ID Code:2481
Deposited By: Admin Administrator
Deposited On:03 Dec 2020 21:41
Last Modified:28 Apr 2021 10:35

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