Repository: Freie Universit├Ąt Berlin, Math Department

Hydration Friction in Nanoconfinement: From Bulk via Interfacial to Dry Friction

Schlaich, A. and Kappler, J. and Netz, R.R. (2017) Hydration Friction in Nanoconfinement: From Bulk via Interfacial to Dry Friction. Nano Lett., 17 (10). pp. 5969-5976.

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The viscous properties of nanoscopically confined water are important when hydrated surfaces in close contact are sheared against each other. Numerous experiments have probed the friction between atomically flat hydrated surfaces in the subnanometer separation regime and suggested an increased water viscosity, but the value of the effective viscosity of ultraconfined water, the mechanism of hydration layer friction, and the crossover to the dry friction limit are unclear. We study the shear friction between polar surfaces by extensive nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations in the linear-response regime at low shearing velocity, which is the relevant regime for typical biological applications. With decreasing water film thickness we find three consecutive friction regimes: For thick films friction is governed by bulk water viscosity. At separations of about a nanometer the highly viscous interfacial water layers dominate and increase the surface friction, while at the transition to the dry friction limit interfacial slip sets in. Based on our simulation results, we construct a confinement-dependent friction model which accounts for the additive friction contributions from bulklike water, interfacial water layers, and interfacial slip and which is valid for arbitrary water film thickness.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Sciences
ID Code:2233
Deposited By: Silvia Hoemke
Deposited On:23 Feb 2018 10:43
Last Modified:23 Feb 2018 10:43

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