Repository: Freie Universit├Ąt Berlin, Math Department

Nonlinear fractional waves at elastic interfaces

Kappler, J. and Shrivastava, S. and Schneider, M.F. and Netz, R.R. (2017) Nonlinear fractional waves at elastic interfaces. Phys. Rev. Fluids, 2 (11). p. 114804.


Official URL:


We derive the nonlinear fractional surface wave equation that governs compression waves at an elastic interface that is coupled to a viscous bulk medium. The fractional character of the differential equation comes from the fact that the effective thickness of the bulk layer that is coupled to the interface is frequency dependent. The nonlinearity arises from the nonlinear dependence of the interface compressibility on the local compression, which is obtained from experimental measurements and reflects a phase transition at the interface. Numerical solutions of our nonlinear fractional theory reproduce several experimental key features of surface waves in phospholipid monolayers at the air-water interface without freely adjustable fitting parameters. In particular, the propagation distance of the surface wave abruptly increases at a threshold excitation amplitude. The wave velocity is found to be of the order of 40 cm/s in both experiments and theory and slightly increases as a function of the excitation amplitude. Nonlinear acoustic switching effects in membranes are thus shown to arise purely based on intrinsic membrane properties, namely, the presence of compressibility nonlinearities that accompany phase transitions at the interface.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Sciences
ID Code:2232
Deposited By: Silvia Hoemke
Deposited On:23 Feb 2018 10:25
Last Modified:23 Feb 2018 10:25

Repository Staff Only: item control page