Repository: Freie Universität Berlin, Math Department

Rapid and Comprehensive Impurity Profiling of Synthetic Thyroxine by Ultrahigh-Performance Liquid Chromatography–High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry

Neu, V. and Bielow, C. and Gostomski, I. and Wintringer, R. and Braun, R. and Reinert, K. and Schneider, P. and Stuppner, H. and Huber, C. (2013) Rapid and Comprehensive Impurity Profiling of Synthetic Thyroxine by Ultrahigh-Performance Liquid Chromatography–High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry, 85 (6). pp. 3309-3317. ISSN 0003-2700

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Rapid and efficient quality control according to the public authority regulations is mandatory to guarantee safety of the pharmaceuticals and to save resources in the pharmaceutical industry. In the case of so-called "grandfather products" like the synthetic thyroid hormone thyroxine, strict regulations enforce a detailed chemical analysis in order to characterize potentially toxic or pharmacologically relevant impurities. We report a straightforward workflow for the comprehensive impurity profiling of synthetic thyroid hormones and impurities employing ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) hyphenated to high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). Five different batches of synthetic thyroxin were analyzed resulting in the detection of 71 impurities within 3 min total analysis time. Structural elucidation of the compounds was accomplished via a combination of accurate mass measurements, computer based calculations of molecular formulas, multistage high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS(n)), and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, which enabled the identification of 71 impurities, of which 47 have been unknown so far. Thirty of the latter were structurally elucidated, including products of deiodination, aliphatic chain oxidation, as well as dimeric compounds as new class of thyroid hormone derivatives. Limits of detection for the thyroid compounds were in the 6 ng/mL range for negative electrospray ionization mass spectrometric detection in full scan mode. Within day and day-to-day repeatabilities of retention times and peak areas were below 0.5% and 3.5% R.SD. The performance characteristics of the method in terms of robustness and information content clearly show that UHPLC-HRMS is adequate for the rapid and reliable detection, identification, and semiquantitative determination of trace levels of impurities in synthetic pharmaceuticals.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Mathematical and Computer Sciences > Computer Science
Divisions:Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Computer Science > Algorithmic Bioinformatics Group
ID Code:1397
Deposited By: Anja Kasseckert
Deposited On:18 Mar 2014 14:56
Last Modified:18 Mar 2014 14:56

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