Repository: Freie Universit├Ąt Berlin, Math Department

Peptide salt bridge stability: From gas phase via microhydration to bulk water simulations

Pluharova, E. and Marsalek, O. and Schmidt, B. and Jungwirth, P. (2012) Peptide salt bridge stability: From gas phase via microhydration to bulk water simulations. J. Chem. Phys., 137 (18). p. 185101.

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The salt bridge formation and stability in the terminated lysine-glutamate dipep- tide is investigated in water clusters of increasing size up to the limit of bulk water. Proton transfer dynamics between the acidic and basic side chains is described by DFT-based Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics simulations. While the desol- vated peptide prefers to be in its neutral state, already the addition of a single water molecule can trigger proton transfer from the glutamate side chain to the lysine side chain, leading to a zwitterionic salt bridge state. Upon adding more water molecules we find that stabilization of the zwitterionic state critically depends on the number of hydrogen bonds between side chain termini, the water molecules, and the peptidic backbone. Employing classical molecular dynamics simulations for larger clusters, we observed that the salt bridge is weakened upon additional hydration. Consequently, long-lived solvent shared ion pairs are observed for about 30 water molecules while solvent separated ion pairs are found when at least 40 or more water molecules hy- drate the dipeptide. These results have implications for the formation and stability of salt bridges at partially dehydrated surfaces of aqueous proteins.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Sciences > Chemistry > Physical Chemistry
Divisions:Department of Mathematics and Computer Science > Institute of Mathematics > BioComputing Group
ID Code:1151
Deposited By: BioComp Admin
Deposited On:19 Jul 2012 11:59
Last Modified:03 Mar 2017 14:41

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